Gerund

✍ 

Das Gerund entspricht der -ing Form eines Verbs. Wird diese -ing Form im Satz als Nomen verwendet, nennt man sie Gerund. Aber es gehört nicht zu einer Form von to be, wie bei den progressive Formen des Verbs. Wobei es jedoch als gebundene Ergänzung zu einem Verb verwendet werden kann. (His job is cooking).  

 

  • Es kann sowohl als Subjekt als auch als Objekt eines Satzes fungieren. Bestimmte Verben, wie to enjoy,   to imagine und to suggest und andere, erfordern ein Gerund. 

 

  • Auch bestimmte Präpositionen wie in to be arrested for, to be interested in verlangen das Gerund.

 

 

 

Als Subjekt

 

Als Objekt

Gerund

 

 

 

 

 

 

Going to the museum is boring.

 

I like swimming.

 

 

 

 

 

Gerund mit bestimmten Strukturen

 

 

 

Mit bestimmten Verben

 

und Präpositionen

 

 

 

Beispielsätze

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

to be interested 

to believe

to succeed 

 

in

 

doing sth.

 

 

Jane is interested in swimming

 

 

 

 

 

to be excited

to talk

to worry

to complain

 

about

 

Jack  succeeded in finishing his homework

 

 

 

 

 

to be afraid

to be tired

to think

 

of

 

Phil is excited about moving to Canada.

 

 

 

 

 

to depend 

to rely 

to concentrate

to insist

 

on

 

The students complain about having to much to learn.

 

 

 

 

 

to be good 

to be surprised

 

at

 

My neighbour is really good at repairing bikes. 

 

 

 

 

 

to stop sb 

to keep sb

 

from

 

My brother keeps me from failing the exam.

 

 

 

 

 

to apologise 

to blame

to congratulate

 

for

 

Mary apologised for being late.

 

 

 

 

 

to look forward

 

to

 

I look forward to hearing from you

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mit bestimmten Verben

 

ohne Präpositionen

 

 

 

Beispielsätze

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

to enjoy

to admit, 

to continue

to consider

to suggest

to imagine

to miss

to regret

 

doing sth.

 

 

My sister enjoys reading.

 

Kevin continues working.

 

Sarah suggests organising a party.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mit bestimmten Wendungen

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

to be worth

to be worth, unworthy

to spend ones time

to be busy

can‘t help

 

doing sth.

 

 

It‘s not worth worrying so much.

Jake spends most of his time playing the guitar.

My parents are busy packing for the trip. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Substantiven

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

interest

difficulty

 

in

 

doing sth.

 

 

The interest in having children is diminishing. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

doubt

 

about

 

 

He has no doubt about giving you the money.

 

 

 

 

 

 

advantage

chance

hope

idea

opportunity

possibility

way

method

danger

risk

problem

 

of

 

 

the advantage of reading newspaper is that you know what is happening in the world.

 

 

If you get the opportunity of going abroad, then do it.

 

 

 

 

 

 

reason

 

for

 

 

The reasons for not smoking are obvious.

 

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© alle Texte, Bilder und Grafiken sind, sofern nicht anders gekennzeichnet, geistiges Eigentum von Adriana Leidenberger, deren Verwendung, Verbreitung und Vervielfältigung der schriftlichen Zustimmung der Eigentümerin bedarf.